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公布不为人知的VPN所有者:97个VPN产品由23家公司运营

Hidden VPN owners unveiled: 97 VPN products run by just 23 companies

扬格伦

Jan Youngren

2019年6月2日

June 2, 2019

从表面上看,VPN 市场上充斥着各种各样的公司,它们都在争夺不断增长的用户 VPN 市场中的一块蛋糕。

On the surface, it may seem that the VPN market is teeming with various companies competing for a piece of the growing consumer VPN pie.

然而,当我们开始进一步调查 vpn 和拥有 vpn 的公司时,我们发现了一些有趣的现象:许多 vpn 产品都属于同一家公司。考虑到我们的兴趣,我们决定深入挖掘,看看究竟有多少 VPN 产品是由哪些公司拥有或运营的。

However, when we began to look further into the VPNs and the companies that own them, we noticed something interesting: a lot of these products are owned by the same company. With our interests piqued, we decided to dig deeper to see just how many VPN products are owned or operated by which companies.

这个数字可能会让你大吃一惊:

The number may surprise you:

我们的研究表明,至少有97个 VPN 产品由23家公司拥有或运营。

Our research shows that at least 97 VPN products are owned or operated by only 23 companies.

这包括跨平台和移动专用 VPN 产品。它还包括直接子公司或产品 / 品牌,以及白标签服务。这个数字比以前其他研究报告的数字要大得多。

This includes both cross-platform and mobile-only VPN products. It also includes direct subsidiaries or products/brands, as well as white label services. This represents a much bigger number than was previously reported in other research.

根据我们的分析,我们只包括拥有或运营一个以上 VPN 产品的母公司。

For our analysis, we only included parent companies that own or operate more than one VPN product.

你可以在这里找到我们总结研究的信息图表。

You can find our infographic that summarizes our research here.

为什么这很重要?

Why is this important?

当涉及到各种 VPN 产品和品牌的真正所有权时,了解哪家公司实际拥有或操作用户数据是很重要的。有两个可能的大问题需要考虑。

When it comes to the true ownership of various VPN products and brands, it’s important to know which company is actually owning or operating the users’ data. There are two big possible issues to consider.

#1 资料隐私

#1 Data privacy

如果母公司实际上位于5/9/14 Eyes 国家,这些国家通常是高度监控的国家,用户的数据可能对这些政府完全开放。如果他们在俄罗斯、中国和其他独裁 / 专制的政府,他们被迫在默认的基础上向政府提供数据。母公司也可能愿意出售用户数据。

If the parent companies are actually located in a 5/9/14 Eyes country, which are typically high-surveillance countries, users’ data could be wide open to those governments. If they are in Russia, China, and other authoritarian/repressive governments, they are forced to provide their data to the governments on a default basis. The parent company may also be willing to sell user data.

最近,美国参议员计划对使用 VPN 时用于重定向流量的外国服务器展开调查。参议员马尔科·卢比奥(R-FL)和罗恩·怀登(D-OR)注意到以下内容[ pdf ] :

Recently, US senators have planned an investigation into the foreign servers used to redirect traffic when using a VPN. Senators Marco Rubio (R-FL) and Ron Wyden (D-OR) noted the following [pdf]:

"如果美国情报专家认为,北京和莫斯科正在利用中国和俄罗斯制造的技术来监视美国人,那么国土安全部肯定也应该担心美国人把他们的网络浏览数据直接发送给中国和俄罗斯。"

“If U.S. intelligence experts believe Beijing and Moscow are leveraging Chinese and Russian-made technology to surveil Americans, surely DHS should also be concerned about Americans sending their web browsing data directly to China and Russia.”

#2 资料保安

#2 Data security

如果所拥有的公司不值得信赖,就会带来许多问题。已被证明存在重大漏洞的母公司,甚至包括可疑的附加组件和可能的恶意软件,都可能导致用户数据被盗,甚至他们的电脑被黑客攻击。

If the owning company is untrustworthy, it could bring up many problems. Parent companies that have been shown to have major vulnerabilities, or even include suspicious add-ons and possible malware, could lead to user data being stolen, or even their computers being hacked.

关键要点

Key takeaways

我们的研究表明最重要的几点是:

The most important points our research showed:

你可以在我们详细的信息图表中查看我们调查结果的完整摘要。下面你可以看到在 Google Play 和 Apple App 商店中有多少这样的 VPN 产品。

You can view the full summary of our findings in our detailed infographic. Below you can see how many of these VPN products are available in both the Google Play and Apple App stores.

#1 j2 Global(通过 StackPath)-10个 VPN 产品

#1 j2 Global (via StackPath) – 10 total VPN offerings

j2的移动应用程序产品,通过 StackPath

j2 Global's mobile app offerings, via StackPath

j2 Global 最近收购了 StackPath,后者被列为"美国内容传递网路服务、云服务和网络应用层防火墙服务提供商" 为了扩大产品范围,StackPath 在2017年收购了 Highwinds,随之而来的还有 IPVanish、 StrongVPN 和 Encrypt.me(以前的斗篷)。

j2 Global (which also owns the tech publication PCMag, amongst others) recently acquired StackPath, which is listed as “an American content delivery network, cloud service and web application firewall provider.” In an attempt to broaden its offerings, StackPath purchased Highwinds in 2017, and along with that came IPVanish, StrongVPN and Encrypt.me (formerly Cloak).

通过其2016年收购的白标签部分 WLVPN,它为 VPNHub(Pornhub 的 VPN)和 Namecheap 提供白标签 VPN 服务。用户发现 NameCheap VPN 使用 WLVPN 服务。

Through its white label section, WLVPN, which StackPath purchased in 2016, it offers white label VPN services for both VPNHub (Pornhub’s VPN) and Namecheap VPN. Reddit users discovered that NameCheap VPN uses the WLVPN service.

在 WLVPN 的网站上,他们把 Overplay VPN 服务也列为他们的客户之一。

On WLVPN’s website, they list the Overplay VPN service as one of their customers as well.

Wlvpn 合伙人名单

wlvpn partner list

基于 DNS 服务器地址,Unblock-Us 也连接到 wlvpn / highwinds,并拥有或经营的 StackPath 或首席执行官兰斯·克罗斯比。

Based on DNS server addresses, Unblock-Us is also connected to WLVPN/Highwinds, and owned or operated by StackPath or CEO Lance Crosby.

事实上,通过 Crosby 我们可以连接其他的 vpn:

In fact, through Crosby we can connect these other VPNs as well:

提出的第一个有趣的观点是:

First interesting point raised:

Unblock-us 没有被列为 WLVPN 的客户或与 Highwinds 或 StackPath 有任何从属关系。

Unblock-us is not listed as being a client of WLVPN or having any affiliation with Highwinds or StackPath.

但是,在查看 Windows 上设置 Unblock-us 的说明时,我们会找到这些 DNS 服务器地址。

However, when looking at the instructions for setting up Unblock-us on Windows, we find these DNS server addresses.

解除封锁-美国强风

unblock-us highwinds

他们都与 Highwinds 组织有联系。

They are both connected to the Highwinds organization.

DNS 1:64.145.73.5

DNS 1: 64.145.73.5

DNS 2:209.107.219.5

DNS 2: 209.107.219.5

除了 DNS 服务器的线索,看看他们员工的 LinkedIn 档案也揭示了一些有趣的趋势:

Besides the DNS server clue, a look at their employee’s LinkedIn profiles also reveal some interesting trends:

彼得·格拉塔尔在 LinkedIn 上的个人资料显示,从2014年到2016年,他曾在 Unblock US 和 Highwinds 工作:

Peter Gratale’s LinkedIn profile shows that he worked at both Unblock US and Highwinds from 2014 to 2016:

提出的第二个有趣的观点是:

Second interesting point raised:

您可能已经注意到同一 Unblock-Us 服务有两个不同的名称:UnblockUS 和 Unblock-Us。这些"公司"有两个独立的 LinkedIn 页面:UnblockUS 和 Unblock-Us,这将我们引向一家名为 NetProtect 的公司。然而,这两家公司的页面都将 www.Unblock-Us.com 网站列为他们的域名,这是 Unblock-Us VPN 服务的实际网站。

You may have noticed two different names for the same Unblock-Us service: UnblockUS and Unblock-Us. There are two separate LinkedIn pages for these “companies”: UnblockUS and Unblock-Us, which leads us to a company called NetProtect. However, both of these company pages list the website www.unblock-us.com as their domain, which is the actual website for the Unblock-Us VPN service.

Unblock-us.com 和 netprotect. com 都有相同的图标:

Both unblock-us.com and netprotect.com have the same favicon:

Unblock-us 的网站底部列出了以下地址:

Unblock-Us has the following address listed at the bottom of its website:

Netprotect Ltd,236 Strovolos Avenue,Strovolos,2048,尼科西亚

NetProtect Ltd, 236 Strovolos Avenue, Strovolos, 2048, Nicosia, Cyprus

当我们浏览 NetProtect 的网站时,我们看到以下两个地址:

When looking at NetProtect’s website, we see the following two addresses listed:

全球:21 Pine Road,贝尔维尔,St Michael,BB11113,Barbados | EU:NetProtect Ltd,Grigori

Worldwide: 21 Pine Road, Belleville, St Michael, BB11113, Barbados | EU: NetProtect Ltd, Grigori

133 Agios Dometios,2369,Nicosia Cyprus

Afxentiou, 133 Agios Dometios, 2369, Nicosia Cyprus

它们显示相同的公司名称(NetProtect 有限公司) ,但在塞浦路斯的地址略有不同。然而,当你访问这个 URL: https://promo.unblock-us.com/welcome 地址时,你会在 NetProtect 的网站上看到完全相同的两个地址。

They show the same company name (NetProtect Ltd.) with slightly different addresses in Cyprus. However, when you go to this URL: https://promo.unblock-us.com/welcome, you’ll see the exact same two addresses from NetProtect’s website.

当我们查看巴巴多斯的地址时,我们发现实际上有96个实体在同一地址注册(由于巴拿马文件)。它们都不是 NetProtect 或 Unblock-us。

And when we took a look at the Barbados address, we discovered that there were in fact 96 entities registered at the same address (thanks to the Panama Papers). None of them are NetProtect or Unblock-us.

在这一点上,可以说他们是同一家公司。

At this point, it’s safe to say that they’re both the same company.

为了防止我们还没有证明我们的观点,我们还需要把这些信息和 StackPath 联系起来:有一家名为 Netprotect LLC 的公司在佛罗里达注册。以下是该公司的关键人物:

And to connect it all back to StackPath, just in case we haven’t proven our point yet: There’s a company called Netprotect LLC that is registered in Florida. Here are the key people in that company:

如果你觉得这个名字很熟悉,那是因为这是同一个兰斯·克罗斯比。

If that name looks familiar to you, it’s because that’s the same Lance Crosby…

他拥有 Highwinds 网络集团。

…who owns Highwinds Network Group…

以及 StackPath、 Overplay、 Strong Technology(StrongVPN)和许多其他公司。

…as well as StackPath, Overplay, Strong Technology (StrongVPN) and many other companies.

#2 AnchorFree-10个 VPN 产品

#2 AnchorFree – 10 total VPN products

移动虚拟专用网络产品

AnchorFree mobile VPN products

自2008年推出其主要产品 Hotspot Shield 以来,AnchorFree 已经涉足 VPN 行业。2015年2月,AnchorFree 收购了 JustVPN 和 TouchVPN。Justvpn 只有一个 VPN 产品:一个名为"JustVPN-Free Unlimited VPN & Proxy"的 Android 应用程序

AnchorFree has been involved in the VPN industry since introducing its main product, Hotspot Shield, in 2008. In February 2015, AnchorFree acquired JustVPN and TouchVPN. JustVPN has just one VPN product: an Android app called “JustVPN – Free Unlimited VPN & Proxy.”

有三个独特的应用程序。其中两个用于 Android(Touch VPN,VPN 360) ,三个用于 iOS:VPN 360,Touch VPN,VeePee VPN Proxy。

TouchVPN has three unique apps. Two are for Android (Touch VPN, VPN 360), and three are for iOS: VPN 360, Touch VPN, VeePee VPN Proxy.

2016年11月,Betternet Technologies 被 AnchorFree 收购。创建了以下应用程序:

In November, 2016, Betternet Technologies was acquired by AnchorFree. Betternet creates the following apps:

安卓:

Android:

返回文章页面 iOS:

iOS:

我们看到 AnchorFree 总共有10个 VPN 产品,包括独特的应用程序。

Eliminating duplicate iOS and Android apps (with different names), we see that AnchorFree has 10 total VPN products, including unique app offerings.

提出了一些有趣的观点:

Interesting points raised:

得出 AnchorFree 收购 Betternet 本身就是一项任务的结论。你看,没有任何收购的记录。那么我们怎么知道 Betternet 是属于 AnchorFree 的呢?

Coming to the conclusion that AnchorFree acquired Betternet was a task in and of itself. You see, there’s no record of that acquisition ever having happened. So how do we know Betternet is owned by AnchorFree?

有几件事。

A couple of things.

首先,最大的证据是 Betternet 自己的隐私政策。在那里,AnchorFree 显然是 Betternet 背后的公司。然而,当我们在竞争对手的情报网站 Owler.com 上看到 AnchorFree 的併购虚拟专用网络时,我们发现 JustVPN 和 TouchVPN 是 AnchorFree 唯一的收购对象:

First, the biggest proof is Betternet’s own privacy policy. There, AnchorFree is very visibly shown to be the company behind Betternet. However, when looking at AnchorFree’s mergers and acquisitions on competitor intelligence website Owler.com, we see the JustVPN and TouchVPN as the only acquisitions by AnchorFree:

现在,主要的问题是:为什么 AnchorFree 发布了一个新闻稿来收购 JustVPN 和 TouchVPN,而不是 Betternet?事实上,为什么没有任何关于此次收购的直接信息(公司博客帖子、新闻稿、访谈中的提及、文章等等) ,即使这些信息是现成的?

Now, the main question: why did AnchorFree put out a press release for its acquisition of JustVPN and TouchVPN, but not for Betternet? In fact, why is there no direct information at all about this acquisition (company blog posts, press releases, mentions in interviews, articles, etc.), even though this information is readily available?

这很可能与所有围绕 Betternet 的坏消息有关——研究表明 Betternet 是世界上最糟糕的 VPN 供应商之一。

This is most probably related to all the bad news surrounding Betternet – and research showing that it’s one of the worst VPN providers out there.

#3 Gaditek:总共7个 VPN 产品

#3 Gaditek: 7 total VPN products

Gaditek的移动 VPN 产品

Gaditek’s mobile VPN products

Gaditek 是一家总部位于巴基斯坦的公司,拥有 PureVPN、 Ivacy 和 Unblock ——一个新的 VPN 和代理产品。

Gaditek is a Pakistan-based company that owns PureVPN, Ivacy, and Unblock – a newer VPN and proxy product.

有趣的一点是,这个"新时代"公司也有有趣的营销实践。Gaditek / purevpn 的雇员也与下面的有联系。虚拟专用网络评论网站:

An interesting point is that this “New Age” company also has interesting marketing practices. The employees of Gaditek/PureVPN have also been connected to the following VPN review sites:

这是 Humayoun Khan 的个人简介,他在2014-2015年在 Gaditek 工作,为 vpnranks. com,netflixdown. com 和 bestvpnprovider.com 写了"公正的 VPN 评论":

This is a profile from Humayoun Khan, who worked at Gaditek from 2014-2015 and wrote “unbiased VPN reviews” for vpnranks.com, netflixdown.com and bestvpnprovider.com:

胡玛雍·汗个人资料

Humayoun Khan profile

此外,Aazim Akhtar 被列为 vpnranks 网站的高级编辑,但在 zoominfo 网站上,他被列为 Gaditek 内容制作团队的负责人:

Additionally, Aazim Akhtar is listed as the Senior Editor for vpnranks.com, but on Zoominfo.com, he’s listed as working at Gaditek as their Team Lead for Content Production:

最后,我们还有 Syed Ameer Abbas Rizv,他的 rozee.pk 工作档案显示,他在2014-2018年期间为 Gaditek 工作,曾在 bestvpnservice.com、 bestvpnprovider.com 和 kodivpn.co 工作。

Lastly, we have Syed Ameer Abbas Rizv whose rozee.pk job profile shows that he worked for Gaditek from 2014-2018 and worked on bestvpnservice.com, bestvpnprovider.com, and kodivpn.co.

其中,vpnranks. com 是最成功的,据 SimilarWeb 统计,每月大约有250万网站访问者。

Out of these, vpnranks.com is the most successful, with roughly 2.5 million monthly website visitors, according to SimilarWeb.

值得考虑的有趣观点:

Interesting points to consider:

在我们的研究中,我们发现 purevpn / gaditek 的一些员工也为另一家名为 OneVPN 的 VPN 提供商工作,这家公司隶属于 Unravel Technologies。

Along our research, we discovered some employees of PureVPN/Gaditek also worked for another VPN provider called OneVPN, which is owned by Unravel Technologies.

Unravel 应该以香港为基地,但是和 PureVPN 一样,它的基地实际上是在巴基斯坦的卡拉奇。穆罕默德·法哈德的工作简介显示,他先是在卡拉奇的 Gaditek 工作,后来又在 Unravel 工作

Unravel is supposed to be based in Hong Kong, but like PureVPN, its base is actually in Karachi, Pakistan. Muhammad Fahad’s job profile shows him working at first Gaditek then Unravel, both in Karachi:

此外,阿沙德·扎伊德(Ashad Zaid)在 LinkedIn 上的个人资料显示,他只在2015年至2016年期间在 Gaditek 工作过,但没有在 Unravel Technologies 或 OneVPN 工作过,但仍将 OneVPN(以及 Gaditek 产品 PureVPN 和 Ivacy)列为他参与的一些项目:

Then there’s Ashad Zaid’s LinkedIn profile that shows he only worked at Gaditek from 2015-2016, but not Unravel Technologies or OneVPN, but still lists OneVPN (along with Gaditek products PureVPN and Ivacy) as some of the projects he’s worked on:

一个可能的原因是:OneVPN 是 Gaditek 拥有或运营的另一个 VPN 产品。

A likely reason: OneVPN is yet another VPN product that’s owned or operated by Gaditek.

另一个有趣的地方是:PureVPN、 IvacyVPN 和 vpnranks. com 在新加坡都有完全相同的注册地址。名单上的另一家公司—— Innovative Connecting ——也有同样的地址。

Another interesting point: PureVPN, IvacyVPN and vpnranks.com all share the exact same registration address in Singapore. Another company on this list – Innovative Connecting – also has the same address.

它们可能没有直接连接,而只是使用同一家会计公司 TMF Group,该公司注册在同一个地址。

It is likely they’re not connected directly, but only using the same accounting company, TMF Group, which is registered at the same address.

#4 Kape Technologies:2个 VPN 产品

#4 Kape Technologies: 2 total VPN products

提供的移动 VPN 服务

KapeTechnologies mobile VPN offerings

Kape 科技是一家位于马恩岛的公司。2017年,它收购了罗马尼亚的 VPN 供应商 CyberGhost VPN,并在2018年10月收购了德国的 VPN 供应商 ZenMate。

Kape Technologies is a company with its location in the Isle of Man. In 2017, it acquired Romanian VPN provider CyberGhost VPN, and in October 2018 it acquired the German-based VPN provider ZenMate.

首先要考虑的有趣的一点是:

First interesting point to consider:

直到2018年3月,Kape 科技公司还有一个不同的名字:Crossrider。为什么要改变?

Kape Technologies up until March 2018 went by a different name: Crossrider. Why the change?

因为 Crossrider 以向用户的设备传播恶意软件和其他广告软件而闻名。据赛门铁克安全中心称,Crossrider 程序的广告软件具有很高的风险影响。该程序能够在浏览器中用自己的广告替换广告,收集个人数据并连接到 crossrider 域名。

Because Crossrider is well-known for infecting users’ devices with malware and other adware. According to Symantec’s Security Center, the Crossrider program had adware with a high risk impact. The program was able to replace ads with its own in browsers, collect personal data and connect to the crossrider domain.

有类似的信息,警告用户 Crossrider 程序涉及浏览器劫持、恶意软件捆绑、广告软件和其他盈利方式。

Malwarebytes had similar information, warning users that the Crossrider program was involved in browser hijacking, malicious software bundlers, adware and other monetizing methods.

事实上,crossrider / kape 首席执行官伊多·埃利希曼承认改名是因为"公司过去活动的强烈联系"

In fact, Crossrider/Kape CEO Ido Erlichman admitted that changing their name was because of the “strong association of the past activities of the company.”

还有3个更重要的问题需要考虑:

There are 3 more important points to consider:

1. Cyberghost 2018年3月的条款和条件如下:

1. CyberGhost’s March 2018 Terms and Conditions stated the following:

但是现在的 t & c 用 CyberGhost 替代了它。

But the current T&C replaces that with CyberGhost.

为什么没有提到卡普?

Why doesn’t it mention Kape?

2. Crossrider 的创始人和首席执行官(直到2016年3月)是 Koby Menachemi,他是8200部队的一员,以色列版的美国国家安全局。广告注入(如 Crossrider 计划)已经与情报机构联系起来。

2. Crossrider’s Founder and CEO (until March 2016) was Koby Menachemi, who was part of Unit 8200, Israel’s version of the NSA. Ad injection (like the Crossrider program) has been linked to intelligence agencies.

3. Crossrider / kape Technologies 公司的主要投资者是 Teddy Sagi,他的名字被收录在《巴拿马文件洩漏事件。

3. The main investor in Crossrider/Kape Technologies is Teddy Sagi, whose name was included in the Panama Papers leak.

第二个值得考虑的有趣点是:

Second interesting point to consider:

当看到这种情况,特别是他们不断变化的 t & c,有一个有趣的法律问题需要考虑:哪个司法管辖权获胜,母公司的还是子公司的?

When looking at this situation, and specifically at their changing T&Cs, there’s an interesting legal question to consider: which jurisdiction wins, the parent company’s or the subsidiary’s?

如果当局与 Kape Technologies 接触,他们是否会强迫罗马尼亚 CyberGhost 提供其 VPN 用户的日志,甚至建立监控系统?

If the authorities were to approach Kape Technologies, which as an Isle of Man-registered company is under British legislation, could they force Romanian CyberGhost to provide logs of its VPN users, or to even put in place monitoring systems?

经常出现的一个有趣的例子是,Highwinds(在被 StackPath 收购之前)是 IPVanish 的母公司。尽管两者都在相同的管辖范围内,IPVanish 声称没有日志,但是将日志移交给了国土安全部。

One interesting case that often comes up is when Highwinds (before being acquired by StackPath) was the parent company of IPVanish. Although both in the same jurisdiction, IPVanish claimed no logs, but turned over logs it actually kept to Homeland Security.

根据案件档案,联邦特工向 IPVanish 的母公司 Highwinds Network Group 发出了一张传票,这张传票提供了一些线索,帮助特工提交一份更具体、更详细的传票。

According to case files, the federal agent issued a summons to IPVanish’s parent company, Highwinds Network Group, which gave clues to help the agent submit a more specific, detailed summons.

代理人随后发出了第二张传票,要求"使用 IP 209.197.27.72,端口6667获取与 IRC 流量相关的任何数据" 遵从了强风 / ipvanish。

The agent then sent the second summons for “any data associated with IRC traffic using IP 209.197.27.72, port 6667.” Highwinds/IPVanish complied.

那么,问题是:如果英国当局与卡普技术公司联系,要求他们提供一个特定 CyberGhost 用户的具体日志,CyberGhost / Kape 能否拒绝这一要求?

The question then: if the British authorities approached Kape Technologies and asked them for specific logs on a specific CyberGhost user, would CyberGhost/Kape be able to deny the request?

我们询问了他们的客户支持,他们否认了这种可能性:

We asked their customer support, and they denied that possibility:

然而,很难相信 VPN 供应商所说的一切。毕竟,IPVanish 不应该向当局提供任何日志——直到当局找到他们。

However, it’s a bit difficult to take anything VPN providers say at face value. After all, IPVanish wasn’t supposed to have any logs to give to the authorities – until they were approached by the authorities.

移动应用程序

Mobile-only apps

专用于移动设备的 VPN 市场要简单一些:许多 VPN 开发者正在开发一个以上的 VPN 产品。

The mobile-only VPN market is a bit more straightforward: a lot of VPN developers are producing more than one VPN product.

它们大多是免费的 vpn,这意味着它们向用户出售广告,或者向第三方出售用户数据。

They’re mostly free VPNs, which means that they’re selling ads to users, or selling user data to third-parties.

#5 创新连接:10个 VPN 产品

#5 Innovative Connecting: 10 total VPN products

创新连接移动 VPN 产品

Innovative Connecting mobile VPN products

这个 Android 开发者直接制作了 TurboVPN,VPN Master,VPN Proxy Master Pro 和 VPN Proxy Master Lite。它还开发了 iOS 应用软件 VPN Sofast-mymobilescure。

This Android developer directly makes TurboVPN, VPN Master, VPN Proxy Master Pro and VPN Proxy Master Lite. It also develops the iOS app VPN Sofast – Mymobilesecure.

值得考虑的有趣观点:

Interesting points to consider:

创新连接已连接到柠檬丁香以及(除了第三公司,所有连接有限公司)。应用程序 Snap VPN 和 VPN Robot。

Innovative Connecting has been connected with Lemon Clove as well (in addition to a third company, ALL Connected Co. Ltd). Lemon Clove makes the VPN apps Snap VPN and VPN Robot.

Lemon Clove 和 Innovative Connecting 都有相同的秘书和钥匙地址。

Lemon Clove and Innovative Connecting both have the same secretary and key addresses.

All Connected 被列为 TurboVPN 和 VPN Master 应用程序商店的应用程序开发者,而 Innovative 作为同一应用程序的应用程序商店(以及移动应用程序商店中网站和应用程序之间的来回链接)的应用程序开发者出现在 Play Store 上。

ALL Connected is listed as the App developer on the App Store for TurboVPN and VPN Master, while Innovative appears as the developer on the Play Store for the same apps (plus a back and forth chain of links between their websites and apps on the mobile app stores).

Lemon Clove 和 Innovative 有一个共同的地址,董事会秘书也是一样的(Loo Ping Yoo)。Turbo 和 Master VPN 的策略都托管在类似的 Cloudfront 域名上,链接到 Innovative。但是 MasterVPN 的应用商店策略是在 ALL Connected 的域名上托管的。Snapvpn 策略位于同一个 Cloudfront 域。所有的政策都使用相同的蹩脚英语和拼写错误。

Lemon Clove has a common address with Innovative and the Secretary for the board is the same (Loo Ping Yoo). The policies for both Turbo and Master VPN are hosted on similar Cloudfront domains, linking to Innovative. But the App Store policy for MasterVPN is hosted on ALL Connected’s domain.The SnapVPN policy is on the same Cloudfront domain. All the policies share the same broken English and typos.

创新总监似乎是 Danny Chen,他是 Linksure 的首席执行官。他在新加坡的一家注册公司担任创新控股总监。柳罗萍是 lemonclove 和 Innovative 的秘书,也是新加坡公民。

The Director of Innovative appears to be Danny Chen, who is the CEO of Linksure. He appears on a Singapore registry as Director of Innovative shareholding. Yoo Loo Ping is the secretary of both Lemon Clove and Innovative and is a Singapore citizen.

然后是他们两个网站的外观——在设计、措辞和其他方面几乎完全相同,除了公司名称。

Then there’s the look of both of their websites – which are pretty much identical in design, wording, and everything else but the name of the company.

以下是 Innovative Connecting 的网站:

Here’s Innovative Connecting’s website:

这是 Lemon Clove 的网站:

And here’s Lemon Clove’s website:

除此之外,在查看 turbovpn.co 的注册信息时,我们注意到该域名注册了一个 Gmail 地址。当我们查看 liaym2015@gmail. com 注册的其他域名时,我们注意到它也列出了 lemonclove. net,还有 Lemon Clove 的 vpnsnap. com 和 Innovative Connecting 自己的 turbovpn.co 和 vpnmaster.co:

Beyond that, when looking at the registration information for turbovpn.co, we noticed the domain was registered with a Gmail address. When we looked at other domains registered by liaoym2015@gmail.com, we noticed that it also listed lemonclove.net, along with Lemon Clove’s vpnsnap.com and Innovative Connecting’s own turbovpn.co and vpnmaster.co:

为什么柠檬丁香隐藏被创新连接附属或拥有?

Why would Lemon Clove hide being affiliated or owned by Innovative Connecting?

第二个需要考虑的有趣点

Second interesting point to consider

在浏览 Innovative connecting / lemon clove / all Connected 的 APK 文件时,我们发现了以下内容:

When looking through the APK files for Innovative Connecting/Lemon Clove/All Connected, we discovered the following:

创新连接-秋风2018我们已经知道底下5个是创新连接:

Innovative Connecting - Autumn Breeze 2018 The bottom 5 are already known to us as being under Innovative Connecting:

然而,当我们搜索第一个应用时,我们发现它是一个名为"秋风2018"的开发者开发的应用程序"Unlimited Free VPN Monster-Fast Secure VPN Proxy"。进一步研究后,我们发现这实际上是一个创新连接产品:

However, when we searched for the first one, we found it was the app “Unlimited Free VPN Monster – Fast Secure VPN Proxy” developed by a developer called Autumn Breeze 2018. Digging further, we discovered a reference that this is actually an Innovative Connecting product:

#6 SuperSoftTech:3个 VPN 产品

#6 SuperSoftTech: 3 total VPN products

提供移动 VPN 服务

SuperSoftTech mobile VPN offerings

这家公司开发了以下应用程序:

This company develops the following apps:

值得考虑的有趣观点:

Interesting points to consider:

虽然这家公司的官方所有者是总部位于新加坡的超级软件技术公司(SuperSoftTech) ,但它实际上属于独立的应用程序发行商郑(Jinrong Zheng)——很可能是总部位于北京。

While this is officially owned by the SuperSoftTech company that’s based in Singapore, it actually belongs to the independent app publisher Jinrong Zheng – most likely a Chinese national based in Beijing.

Play 商店的联系电子邮件地址(goanalyticsapp@gmail. com)链接到北京的一个中文地址。郑已经发布了几个应用程序(大部分是游戏) ,几乎所有的应用程序都以"超级"开头

The contact email address on the Play store (goanalyticsapp@gmail.com) links to a Chinese address in Beijing. Jinrong Zheng has released several apps (mostly games) that almost all start with the prefix “Super.”

在2016年澳大利亚 Csiro 的一项研究中,SuperVPN 被列为第三大恶意软件虚拟专用网络应用。[ pdf ] :

SuperVPN has been ranked the #3 most malware-rigged VPN app in a 2016 Australian research by Csiro [pdf]:

恶意软件

SuperVPN malware

有趣的是,AnchorFree 的 Betternet 排名第四。

Interestingly, AnchorFree’s Betternet is listed as #4.

#7 Act Mobile Networks:6 total VPN products

#7 Act Mobile Networks: 6 total VPN products

行动移动网络移动 VPN 产品

Act Mobile Networks mobile VPN products

作为 Act Mobile Networks,它开发了以下应用程序:

As Act Mobile Networks, it develops the following apps:

有趣的观点:

Interesting points:

这个开发者与 Free VPN LLC 在加利福尼亚州共享相同的注册地址,后者开发了以下应用程序(iOS 和 Android) :

This developer shares the same registration address in California with Free VPN LLC which develops the following apps (iOS and Android):

但是,这些公司之间的联系非常紧密,而不是巧合,或者使用同一个会计师或其他原因。

But instead of there being a coincidence, or them using the same accountant or other reason, these companies are very much connected.

他们不仅共用同一个地址,而且还是彼此公司的高级职员:

Not only do they share the same address, but they also are officers in each other companies:

最有可能的是,他们是同一家公司:Actmobile Networks,它实际上不在加利福尼亚(现在是非活动的) ,而是在特拉华州。

Most likely, they’re the same company: Actmobile Networks, which is actually not based in California (that’s now inactive), but in Delaware.

起源于中国的免费移动 vpn

Free mobile-only VPNs with Chinese origins

我们发现,大量的免费移动专用 vpn 为中国公司或中国公民经营的公司所有。

We discovered that a good amount of the free mobile-only VPNs are owned by Chinese companies, or companies run by Chinese nationals.

其中包括:

These include:

公布不为人知的VPN所有者:机译:机译中文  2019-07-12 06:50   刷新   线路1   线路2 

(2019年06月02日)VPNpro调查了97个流行 VPN 服务,发现这些服务由23家母公司运营,大部分位于隐私法律比较宽松的国家。其中有6家中国公司运营了29个VPN服务。

https://vpnpro.com/blog/hidden-vpn-owners-unveiled-97-vpns-23-companies/

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